Curriculum Vitae


Notice des travaux

Some recent reviews

Vulgarisation en Français

Post-Master, CNED

BOTTARO Family page
Bo-raout-2015 2017 2019 2022

MEMOIRES (André Combes)

Françoise Combes
Collège de France et Observatoire de Paris

Galaxy Interactions (Click)
Page principale de l'Observatoire de Paris Page principale du College de France

61 Av. de l'Observatoire
F-75 014 Paris, FRANCE
Page principale du LERMA
E-mail : francoise.combes @
Phone : 33 (1) 40 51 20 77
FAX: 33 (1) 40 51 20 02

ERC-momentum web page


Dynamical Evolution and formation of Galaxies
N-body Simulations and Hydrodynamics
Dark Matter Dynamics
Molecular Clouds
Millimetric Radioastronomy
Thermodynamics of self-gravity

Some Press Releases

Galaxy Movies

Bar destruction and reformation
For the gif movie, click here (11 Mb)       |   Another case, in the rotating frame

Animated major merger between two spiral galaxies
For the gif movie, click here (0.5 Mb)     Gas=blue; Stars=red; Dark matter=green.

How does a galaxy become a barred spiral?
3 first epochs, click here     3 last epochs, click here     For the gif movie, click here (5 Mb)
6 steps from a movie of bar formation, simulated by N-body simulations
Time is running from left to right, by step of 200 Myrs
In each row: Top= stellar component; Bottom= gas component

Photo Corner

Medaille-Or-21   Airports-21   L'Oreal-UNESCO-22   Jansky Lecture-23   Oort Lecture-23  
Lise-Meitner-17   Hermes-18   Ethiopia-19   Brazil-20   10-mar-20  
Olymp-16   350ans-Acad-16   Cosmo-Acad-16   350yrs-Obs-17   Lycee-FC-17  
Seychelles-14   College-14   EWASS-15   Hawaii-15   30-Oct-15  
Trieste-12   Tenerife-12   Hanoi-13   Sorbonne-13   Pisa-14  
Lebanon-09 12-apr-10   Ouagadougou-10   Potsdam-11   Groningen-11  
Egypt-06   09-nov-06   Ensenada-08   Crete-08   La Réunion-09
21-feb-02   Guadeloupe-02   Bangalore-03   South-Africa-04   14-jun-05  
Some meetings   A&A-editors

Last modifications on : 25-Dec-2023